Research That Finds a Positive Association Between Early-Age and More Screen Time with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or ASD Symptoms

Association Between Screen Time Exposure in Children at 1 Year of Age and Autism Spectrum Disorder at 3 Years of Age: the Japan Environment and Children’s Study.

January 2022
Kushima M, Kojima R, Shinohara R, Horiuchi S, Otawa S, Ooka T, Akiyama Y, Miyake K, Yokomichi H, Yamagata Z, and the Japan Environment and Children’s Study Group
JAMA Pediatrics. 2022. Published January 31, 2022

Correlation Between Screen Time and Autistic Symptoms as Well as Development Quotients in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

February 2021
Dong HY, Wang B, Li HH, Yue XJ, Jia FY
Front Psychiatry. 2021;12:619994. Published 2021 Feb 16. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2021.619994

Early Social Experience and Digital-Media Exposure in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

January 2021
Krishnan V, Krishnakumar P, Gireeshan VK, George B, Basheer S.
Indian J Pediatr. 2021 Jan 20. doi: 10.1007/s12098-021-03666-z. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33471317.

Screen time and autistic-like behaviors among preschool children in China.

November 2020
Chen JY, Strodl E, Wu CA, Huang LH, Yin XN, Wen GM, Sun DL, Xian DX, Chen YJ, Yang GY, Chen WQ.
Psychol Health Med. 2020 Nov 23:1-14. doi: 10.1080/13548506.2020.1851034. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33227216.

Association of Early-Life Social and Digital Media Experiences with Development of Autism Spectrum Disorder-Like Symptoms.

July 2020
Heffler KF, Sienko DM, Subedi K, McCann KA, Bennett DS.
JAMA Pediatr. 2020 Jul 1;174(7):690-696. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.0230. PMID: 32310265; PMCID: PMC7171577.

The relationship between screen time, nighttime sleep duration, and behavioural problems in preschool children in China.

May 2017
Wu X, Tao S, Rutayisire E, Chen Y, Huang K, Tao F.
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2017 May;26(5):541-548. doi: 10.1007/s00787-016-0912-8. Epub 2016 Nov 7. PMID: 27822641.

Social experiential deprivation in autism spectrum disorders: A possible prognostic factor?

April 2017
Kaku SM, Basheer S, Venkatasubramanian G, Bharath RD, Girimaji SC, Srinath S.
Asian J Psychiatr. 2017 Apr;26:44-45. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2017.01.021. Epub 2017 Jan 19. PMID: 28483089.

Elevated background TV exposure over time increases behavioural scores of 18-month-old toddlers.

October 2015
Chonchaiya W, Sirachairat C, Vijakkhana N, Wilaisakditipakorn T, Pruksananonda C.
Acta Paediatr. 2015 Oct;104(10):1039-46. doi: 10.1111/apa.13067. Epub 2015 Jul 6. PMID: 26059816.

Comparison of Television Viewing Between Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Controls

July 2011
Chonchaiya, W., P. Nuntnaraumit, and C. Pruksananonda
Acta Paediatrica, 100, 2011, pp. 1033-1037

Research Suggesting Television as a Trigger for Autism and to Associate Screen Exposure with Autism

Does Television Cause Autism?

December 2006
Waldman, M., S. Nicholson, and N. Adilov
National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No, 12632, Revised December 2006.

Research Reporting a Correlation Between Precipitation and Autism Diagnoses

Autism Prevalence and Precipitation Rates in California, Oregon, and Washington Counties

November 2008
Waldman, M., S. Nicholson, N. Adilov, and J. Williams
Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 162, November 2008, pp. 1026-1034

Screen Intervention in Young Children with ASD

Parent-child Interaction Effects on Autism Symptoms and EEG Relative Power in Young Children with Excessive Screen-Time

January 2021
Sadeghi, S., H.R. Pouretemad, R. Khosrowabadi, J. Fathabadi, and S. Nikbakht
Early Childhood Development and Care, 191, 2021, pp. 827-836.

Early Media Overexposure Syndrome Must Be Suspected in Toddlers Who Display Speech Delay With Autism-Like Symptoms.

June 2020
Dieu-Osika S, Bossière MC, Osika E.
Glob Pediatr Health. 2020;7:2333794X20925939. Published 2020 Jun 25. doi:10.1177/2333794X20925939

Behavioral and Electrophysiological Evidence for Parent Training in Young Children with Autism Symptoms and Excessive Screen Time

October 2019
Sadeghi, S., H. Pouretemad, R. Khosrowabadi, J. Fathabadi, and S. Nikbakht
Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 45, 2019, pp. 7-12.

Attachment Disorder and Early Media Exposure: Neurobehavioral symptoms mimicking autism spectrum disorder.

August 2018
Numata-Uematsu Y, Yokoyama H, Sato H, Endo W, Uematsu M, Nara C, Kure S.
J Med Invest. 2018;65(3.4):280-282. doi: 10.2152/jmi.65.280. PMID: 30282873.

The consumption of virtual environment more than 4 hours/day, in the children between 0-3 years old, can cause a syndrome similar with the autism spectrum disorder.

January 2018
Zamfir, M. T. (2018).
Journal Romanian Literary Studies, 13, 953-968.

Parental Screen Use and ASD

The role of cellular phone usage by parents in the increase in ASD occurrence: A hypothetical framework. Med Hypotheses.

June 2018
Davidovitch M, Shrem M, Golovaty N, Assaf N, Koren G.
2018 Aug;117:33-36. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2018.06.007. Epub 2018 Jun 7. PMID: 30077193.

Potential Mechanism: Social Displacement and Direct Brain Effects

Causation Model of Autism: Audiovisual Brain Specialization in Infancy Competes with Social Brain Network

June 2016
Heffler, K. F. and L.M. Oestreicher
Medical Hypotheses, 91, 2016, pp. 114-122

Discussion of 'Virtual Autism'

Intensive early screen exposure as a causal factor for symptoms of autistic spectrum disorder: The case for «Virtual autism».

December 2019
Harlé B.
Trends Neurosci Educ. 2019 Dec;17:100119. doi: 10.1016/j.tine.2019.100119. Epub 2019 Oct 10. PMID: 31685125.

Early and Excessive Exposure to Screens (EEES): A New Syndrome

Marcelli, D., M.-C. Bossiere, A.-L. Ducanda
Devenir, 32, 2020, pp. 119-137.

Review Articles

Screen Media and Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Literature Review.

May 2019
Slobodin O, Heffler KF, Davidovitch M.
J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2019 May;40(4):303-311. doi: 10.1097/DBP.0000000000000654. PMID: 30908423.

Electronic Screen Media Use in Youth With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

April 2018
Gwynette MF, Sidhu SS, Ceranoglu TA.
Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2018 Apr;27(2):203-219. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2017.11.013. PMID: 29502747.